By Amos Egboche
In this episode of understanding the Rice market industry in Nigeria, I will talk about the prospects, procedures, producers, and the opportunity. starting with the
The fact is, that Rice is the next most popular crop after maize based on current analysis, the latest in Africa. Some research finding has revealed that people in this part of the world consume rice more to any other crops
And never the less, after the industry of Information Technology and Oil and Gas which of-course cannot feed any nation, the Agricultural sector categorized as the third highly profitable business in the world is the only sector that can address hunger.
The largest farming, milling, and storage are in West Africa of which Nigeria alone accounts for 12.2 without minding the effect of banditry and insecurity plugging the religion
That million members who execute the aforementioned processes to management, research, training, trading, marketing, exports, and allied enterprises.
This number has been on a steady increase over the last two decades. Local demands alone are about 5 million annually.
In the bid to attain optimum yield, it is very imperative that the right factors required for production be in place. This should encompass the ideal land suited for this purpose located in sites falling under required ecological zones whose territorial zone history has proven over time their validity.
Most importantly, these zones most have a high capacity for water retention and should be swampy while containing organic matters like loamy soil.
Nigeria for instance has two good quality rice paddy varieties/species which are called; The first is Jamila known to belong to grains, white, highest grade, and most expensive as a raw
A major location identified for their high yield performance is Zauro in Kebbi State.
The second is Faro which comes in 3-4 varieties; faro 43, 44, and 45. Some of these grains are fat but a little bit brownish.
The growth period takes between 120-200days ready harvest of grains from the time of planting which depends on site characteristics along with other production factors. One very important farm practice before harvest season is the sufficient time given for solar radiation to eliminate every moisture content stored in the rice paddies.
This measure allows them to properly dry via evaporation of water. After the grains have matured from green to golden-yellow, they are made to fall off the stalk.
Mechanized threshers are then employed to slice these stalks to extract the grains.
The rice processing steps involve cleaning, hulling, milling, polishing, grading, and packaging.
In cleaning, harvested products are transferred to the processing plant where unwanted objects like stones and tree stumps are removed using the Destone machine.
The hulling procedure entails the separation of the husk from the cleaned paddy. After which the brown rice obtained becomes ready for the milling process.
Paddy graders and cleaners at this stage to separate the brown rice here.
The milling stage utilizes milling machines to remove the rice bran layers of rice turning the brown rice acquired into white rice.
Polishing follows thereafter where the rice surface is smoothened and given its shining attribute by passing it through series of rollers that handle this task which causes some portion breakages.
Grading is then carried out to separate the broken rice from the head rice to attain different lengths.
Sorting involves the removal of discolored, yellow, and immature rice to enhance the outputs, quality, and value of the rice being produced.
Finally, packing which in most cases can be automated thereby minimizing the overall lead time for production. Here the category of weights can range from 50kg, 25kg, 10kg, 5kg, and in rare cases 1kg.
The finished product can now be packed, stored, and made ready for deliveries.
One of the largest rice mills in Africa is owned by WACOT Rice Limited that operates a state-of-the-art rice mill for its operations and processes in Argungu, Kebbi State, Nigeria. The mill was sited due to proper proximity to the quality source of rice paddy sourced across different farming sites within and around the state through a backward integration out-grower scheme where paddy farmers are
engaged, trained, and outsourced to boost their yields at the same time guarantee the off-take of their harvested rice paddy. Thus all harvests are bought back completely for processing.
Another Company owned by Coscharis branded as Cosrice is located in Anambra state.
They produce quality destoned long-grains. Their massive farm in 2500 hectares with a scale-up expansion plan of 5000 hectares observes a standardized measure to cultivate, fertilize and guarantee the rice grains are processed for high market demands via professional experts hired to ensure and maintain excellent quality delivery.
Although the local rice consumption in Anambra state alone is estimated at 300,000 metric tons, their current production capacity of 20,000 metric tons already is in a top-the-gear expansion plan of over 10,000 hectares of land space intended to produce no less than 70,000 metric tons of rice.
The group is managed by the Nigerian Farmers Group and Cooperative Society (NFGCS) in partnership with local farming communities.
Founded by a visionary business tycoon Mr. Reston Tedheke began operations in 2017 with just 3 ha and N1.5m and has successfully scaled up operations to 3,000 hectares with an asset base worth approximately one billion Naira and staff strength of over 300. Mr. Tedheke influenced by the passion for Agricultural diversification has been able to expand their areas of delivery to include a ranch, crop farm, and a poultry farm apart from the rice mill.
Furthermore, this mogul has demonstrated an undeniable capacity to project into the future by incorporating social responsibility with farming practice.
How? They provide credit facilities using mobile payment systems for marginalized farming communities through their FinTech
The company is known as “Kiakia.” An investment that is already becoming transgenerational.
In our next episode, we shall be looking further into other Key players within the industry before we look into the windows of opportunities that prevail both internationally and within the current
Thi article ‘Understanding The rice market industry in Nigeria’ Episode 2 is to be :continue: written By Amos Egboche , Afrinotes Africa multipurpose portal for Africa global tiers
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